Day 1 – 第1回

Today, I was fortunate enough to sit in on Session 3: “Small Arms and Light Weapon Control”. According to a UN report on small arms and light weapons by government experts, there are three types of small arms, including those “small arms” which can be transported by an individual, “light weapons” which are often vehicle mounted and mobile, and high explosives. These weapons form the broad category of weaponry entitled Small Arms and Light Weapons (SALW) and are possessed, both legally and illegally, in massive quantities by militant groups, non-government actors and human rights abusers. I was shocked to hear that these weapons account for over half a million civilian deaths every year.

In fact, small arms are called “de facto mass-destruction weapons”. Small arms not only intensify conflicts, but also disturb humanitarian relief operations and foster the recurrence of disputes. I heard that in order to solve this problem, we need a very elaborate solution. I feel a robust Arms Trade Treaty would constitute a step in the right direction.

Like nearly all non-proliferation and disarmament issues, stemming the illegal flow of SALW is extremely difficult. SALW ultimately represent an impediment to one day attaining world peace. I feel exceptionally honored to have the opportunity to actively participate in seeking a solution to a global issue as important as peace and disarmament through this Conference.

Honorary Conference Blogger and Student,
Honma Yoshiki

 

今日、私は国連軍縮会議のセッションⅢ「小型兵器・軽火器の管理」を傍聴しに行きました。

 いわゆる「小型武器」とは、国連小型武器政府専門家パネルの報告書によれば、兵士一人で携帯、使用が可能な狭義の小型武器、兵士数名で運搬、使用が可能な軽兵器、弾薬及び爆発物の3種類があり、一般的にはこれらを総称して「小型武器」というそうです。傍聴で、小型武器の使用により、毎年約50万人の人が殺されていることを聞いて衝撃を受けました。

 事実、小型武器は「事実上の大量破壊兵器」と呼ばれ、小型武器は、紛争を長期化、激化させるだけではなく、紛争終了後、国連などによる人道援助活動や復興開発を阻害し、紛争の再発、犯罪の増加等を助長する原因になっているそうです。この問題を解決するためには「非常に複雑な問題で非常に複雑な解決策」と聞きました。

 軍縮と同じように、この問題を考えれば考えるほど、わからなくなります。ただ、私はこのセッションを傍聴し、平和の実現を阻む背景を知りました。私は自立した一人の人間として平和とは何かと考え、特別セッションに望みたいと思います。

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